In Memoriam

poppyFirst World War Centenaries
Over the course of the next four years the centenaries of the deaths of the fifty four men from our villages, who died in the First World War, will be marked by an In Memoriam notice in the Parish News.

These men either came from Barnack, Pilsgate, Southorpe, Bainton, Ashton and Ufford, worked in the district or had close connections with it.

Britain declared war on Germany on 4th August 1914 and by December of that year ninety two local men had enlisted.
They suffered no casualties until January 1915. Brian Palmer


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Private John Bloodworth

Private John Bloodworth, 1st Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment was severely wounded in November 1914 in Flanders. He returned to the front on 16th February 1915 and died of wounds received on 6th April aged 20.

He is buried at Bailleul Communal Cemetery ten miles south west of Ypres. He was a former Barnack schoolboy and son of Alfred and Sarah Bloodworth of Ufford.


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Private William Grooby

Private William Grooby, 1st Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment, was our first fatality of  World War I. He was from Bainton and was a regular soldier before the war. Billy was brought up by his mother, Fanny, in one of the five cottages that once stood between the bakehouse and the village hall.
He was severely wounded at Mons but later returned to the front and was killed in action at La Bassée on 29th January, 1915 in his early 20s. He has no known grave and is commemorated in Bainton church and on the memorial at Le Touret.


Private Robert Reedman

Private Robert Reedman, 4th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment, died of pneumonia on February 11th, 1915 aged 18 in the 4th Northern General Hospital in Lincoln. He had fallen ill after a training route march. He is buried in Barnack cemetery. The Stamford Mercury said that his interment was probably the first military funeral ever conducted at Barnack. The coffin was draped with the Union Jack and escorted to the church and the cemetery by two platoons and a military band.

Four buglers sounded the last post at the graveside. Private Reedman’s parents were Charles and Florence Reedman of 19, Uffington Road.


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Private Robert Parker

Private Robert Parker was killed in action on March 14th, 1915 in Flanders. He has no known grave and is commemorated on the memorial at Le Touret near Béthune.

He served in the 2nd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment. He was born in Barnack.


Stoker 1st Class Harry Watson

Stoker 1st Class Harry Watson RN died when his ship H.M.S. Irresistible struck a mine on 18th March, 1915. The ship was attacking Turkish forts in the Dardanelles campaign and sank losing 150 men out of a crew of 780.

Harry was a former Barnack schoolboy and son of Elizabeth Watson of Stamford.

He is commemorated on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial.

 

Photo of H.M.S. Irresistible (left) supplied  by Mr & Mrs Darkin



candlePrivate John Bloodworth

Private John Bloodworth 1st Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment was severely wounded in November 1914 in Flanders. He returned to the front on 16th February 1915 and died of wounds received on 6th April aged 20. He is buried at Bailleul Communal Cemetery ten miles south west of Ypres.

He was a former Barnack schoolboy and son of Alfred and Sarah Bloodworth of Ufford.


Private Reginald Knapp & Private John Quin

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Private Reginald Knapp 2nd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment was killed in action at the battle of Aubers Ridge on May 9th, 1915 aged 23.
He is commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial. As a child he lived with his grandparents Daniel and Sarah Knapp on Main Street Barnack.

Private John Quin 1st Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment was also killed on the same day at Aubers Ridge, aged 24.
He is commemorated on the memorial at Le Touret. He was born and brought up in Barnack, the son of Sarah Ann Quin. The battle at Aubers Ridge, six miles south west of Armentières, was an attempt to take advantage of the suspected withdrawal of German troops to the Eastern Front and was planned to give support to a French offensive to the south. A forty minute artillery bombardment began at 5am and the troops advanced on the well-defended German positions. Throughout the day further bombardments failed to dislodge the enemy whose machine guns took a terrible toll. The battle was an unmitigated disaster for the British Army and over 11,000 men were killed or wounded. The 1st Northants suffered 560 casualties and the 2nd Northants 426.


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Private Harry Payne

Private Harry Payne 7th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment was killed in action on 28th July 1915 aged 23 at the Ypres salient.

He is buried at the Menin Road South Cemetery, Ypres. He was born in Bedfordshire but lived and worked at Burghley Gardens. His parents, William and Fanny, lived in Stourbridge, Worcestershire.


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Private George Bryan and Private Archer Watson

Private George Bryan and Private Archer Watson both 6th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment were killed at Suvla Bay, Gallipoli on 9th August 1915.

The 6th Battalion was raised at Lincoln in August 1914 as part of Kitchener’s First New Army. After initial training they moved to Belton Park, Grantham and then sailed from Liverpool at the end of June 1915. They landed at Suvla Bay on 7th August and with the 6th Border Regiment captured their objective – two hills known as Yilghin Burnu. Two days later George and Archer were killed.

On the day they died Captain Percy Hansen was awarded the VC for rescuing several men from burning scrub at the front line.

George and Archer are commemorated on the Helles Memorial. George was born in Southorpe. Archer was a former Barnack schoolboy. His brother Harry RN, Stoker aboard HMS Irresistible, had died earlier in the year when his ship had sunk after hitting a mine during the Dardanelles campaign.


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Noel Dalton

Noel Dalton The Buffs, East Kent Regiment was killed in action on 29th August 1915 aged 19. He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial and in Barnack church.

His parents, Francis and Sarah Elizabeth lived at Teddington in Middlesex. His connection with Barnack is uncertain, although in 1911 the Fox Inn was being run by R. S. Dalton.


Private Percy Betts & Sergeant William Watts

Private Percy Betts 1st Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment and Sergeant William Watts 8th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment were killed at the Battle of Loos which began on 25th September 1915 and involved 54 French divisions and 13 British divisions along a fifty six mile front.
The death toll was greater than in any previous battle of the war, the British suffering 50,000 casualties. Five separate attempts were made to dislodge the Germans before this initial  attack was called off on September 27th.

The British used chlorine gas on September 25th, but a change in wind direction blew the gas back causing many casualties among our troops. The Battle of Loos continued until October 14th.

Percy Betts was killed on the first day of the battle. He was 32 years old and is buried in St. Mary’s cemetery, Haisnes. He was an agricultural labourer and lived at 10, The Terrace, Barnack, with his wife Henrietta and their two sons, Charles (8) and Arthur (7).

William Watts was killed on the second day of the battle aged 27. He lived in Main Street, Barnack,  son of Benjamin and Emma.

He was an electrician and played for Stamford FC. His body was never recovered and he is commemorated on the Loos Memorial.

(Rudyard Kipling’s son Jack was killed at Loos on 27th September, aged 18. His body was never found).


Private Charles William Reedman

( Billy to his friends) 4th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment was killed on 13th October 1915 aged 20. He was last seen in the fighting at the Hohenzollern Redoubt, a heavily defended German fortification, the day before the Battle of Loos ended.

He was a member of the Barnack church choir and an enthusiastic Boy Scout. He had been appointed Scoutmaster a few months before enlistment. His name is recorded on the Loos Memorial.

Billy’s brother Private Robert Chester Reedman, who is buried in Barnack cemetery, was Barnack’s first casualty of the war.

He had died of pneumonia in a Lincoln hospital on the 11th February aged 18. Billy and Robert were the only sons of Charles and Florence Reedman of 19 Uffington Road, Barnack.


Private Victor Barratt

Victor BarrattPrivate Victor Barratt 7th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment was killed on 20th December, 1915. He was 18 years old having enlisted in Stamford when he was 17. He was the son of Samuel and Roseanna of 14, The Terrace, Barnack and he worked at Burghley Gardens as a trainee gardener. Several of his letters home have survived. In them he describes the ordeal of life in the trenches.

‘Am sitting in a dugout now to write this and it is over boot tops in mud and still we keep smiling.’

‘It is quite an acrobatic feat to walk along the communication trench there are duckboards but you have to find them if you don’t there is always a hole about three feet deep to put your foot into.’

‘It has been bitterly cold……there have been a good few cases of trench feet…. We have to rub our feet with anti-frost bite grease.’

Victor was killed when the mine shaft in which he and his section were sheltering took a direct hit from an artillery shell. He had been at the front for only five months.  He is buried at the Menin Road South Military Cemetery near Ypres. His last postcard home to his parents was posted on the day he died.


Private Fred Hibbins

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9th Battalion East Surrey Regiment was killed on 26th February 1916, aged 22. He was the son of Robert and Elizabeth Hibbins of Southorpe. He is buried at Brandhoek Military Cemetery near Ypres. His battalion had disembarked at Boulogne on 1st September 1915.

The Stamford Mercury carried the following report of his death;
Another Barnack schoolboy has fallen in France – Fred Hibbins of the East Surrey Regt. His chum, Bob Wild, has written stating that on Feb.26 shrapnel from the same shell wounded himself and killed Fred. Before the war they were fellow-apprentices with Mr. S.Taylor, butcher. Much sympathy is felt for Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hibbins of Southorpe.

(Bob Wild survived the war. Stephen Taylor and his wife Mary Ann ran the butcher’s shop in the Square in Barnack. Robert Hibbins farmed in Southorpe).


Private Henry Percival Dawson

10th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment died on April 6th, 1916 aged 28. He had been paralysed after sustaining serious gunshot wounds to the spine and subsequently died of his wounds in the military hospital at Etaples. The Stamford Mercury reported his death as follows;
Beside a pine forest in a military cemetery a short distance from the battlefield has been laid to rest the body of another brave Barnack soldier who has given his life in the war. The peaceful burial ground is at Etaples within sound of the sea waves that wash our coast and that of France.
Percy  was the son of James and Hester Dawson of Barnack. Before the war he worked as an engineer at Blackstone’s, Stamford.

Private George Snartt

7th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment was killed on April 21st, 1916 aged 23 at Armentières. He is buried at the Cité Bonjean Military Cemetery there. The Stamford Mercury reported;
On April 27th his parents received intelligence from a comrade that their son, George Snartt of Southorpe, had died in France from a rifle shot by a German sniper.

Private Horace Frederick Bloodworth

1st/4th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment died on April 25th, 1916 aged 18. The Stamford Mercury carried the following;
Mr. and Mrs. F.Bloodworth of Ufford, have received official notification that their son, Private Frederick Bloodworth, has died of disease in a hospital in France. Much sympathy is felt for the parents as another son, Jack, was killed in action early in the war. Both brothers were Barnack school boys.


Private Joseph Cox 

Joseph Cox8th Battalion Seaforth Highlanders was killed by a German sniper on May 23rd, 1916. He was the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Cox of Walcot. He had just returned to the trenches after six days’ leave in Barnack. The following letter was sent to Joseph’s father by one of Joseph’s pals at the front and later published in the Stamford Mercury:

It is with great regret that I write to you and let you know that your son Joe was killed yesterday, May 23rd, while on sentry duty with me in a sap. He was shot by a sniper, death being instantaneous, so he didn’t suffer at all. I stood by him all the time. It is quite a great shock to me as Joe and me were the best of pals right from the time we enlisted just a year next month. He has been taken carefully away and buried in the British cemetery in a village (Vermelles) out here. No doubt you have heard from the War Office by now, but I felt it my duty as a comrade to let you know he died. He was well liked by all the fellows in the platoon so please accept my deepest sympathy.
Yours faithfully, Private Joseph Haye

Joseph Cox was 23 years old and had two younger  brothers in the army, Arthur and Harold, who were also to be killed in the fighting in France. In civil life he worked in the fruit department of the Royal Gardens at Windsor having received his training from his father, Thomas, who was head gardener at Walcot Hall. Thomas Cox had lost his wife, Kate, in August 1915. She is buried in Barnack cemetery.


IN MEMORIAM (July 1916) - Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme began on July 1st, 1916 and dragged on until November 18th when it petered out in the mud. No strategic gains were made. On the first day of the battle the British suffered 57,000 casualties of which 19,000 were deaths in the field. This represents the greatest loss in a single day ever suffered by a British Army. Total casualties in the entire battle were British 420,000, French 194,000, German 650,000. In July two local men perished in the battle.

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Private Phillip W. Dalton

Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) 94th Company was killed in action, aged 26, on the first day of the battle. The 94th Company was formed at Grantham and went to France on May 21st 1916. Phillip was killed less than six weeks later. He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial and in Barnack church. His brother, Noel, had been killed earlier in the war.

Sergeant Charles Gillings 

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Black Watch was killed in action on July 18th at Longueval. He had lived in Southorpe and was under-keeper for the Marquess of Exeter. His death was reported in the Stamford Mercury.
News of one of the many painful tragedies of the war comes from Barnack. In May of this year the banns of marriage were published in the Parish Church between Miss.W.Munton, one of the teachers at Barnack School and Corporal Charles W. Gillings of the Black Watch. The arrangements were made for the wedding and all that was awaited was the homecoming of the bridegroom to be. Alas! The wedding never can take place now, for news has been received that he has been killed in action.


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Private Alfred Tuck 

5th Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment was killed in action on the Somme on August 5th, 1916 aged 19. He was born in Abbots Ripton but by the time he enlisted he was a farm labourer living in  Southorpe .

The 5th Battalion was a pioneer battalion charged with digging trenches. Between August 4th  and 6th the men were digging a communications trench to a newly captured position during which 4 men, including Alfred, were killed. He is buried at Aveluy cemetery near the town of Albert.


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Private John Berridge 

2nd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment was killed in action on the Somme on October 25th, 1916 aged 26. He was the last of the four local men who perished in the Battle of the Somme, which came to an end on November 18th.  He was killed near Gueudecourt and is commemorated on the Thiepval memorial. He was a farm labourer and lived in Barnack with his parents Charles and Harriet Berridge.


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Private Ephraim Aldis

3rd Battalion London Regiment died on October 31st 1916 aged 22 of tetanus. He is buried in Wakerley churchyard and is not commemorated in Barnack. His unit served in the Salonika campaign and it is possible he was on leave when he died. His parents, Ephraim, who was a coachman, and Emma Aldis, lived at 4, The Terrace, Barnack.
By October 1916 the country had been at war for just over two years. Twenty five men from Barnack and district had been killed in the fighting. Then there were no further fatalities from our villages until July 1917. 


Details concerning one of our First World War casualties  have recently come to light.

Private Harry Leonard Pick& Robert Parker

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1st Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment was killed in action on 9th May 1915 aged 22 in Flanders. In the 1911 census he and his friend Robert Parker are shown lodging with John and Mary Jackson in Barnack. Both young men worked on the land before they enlisted together in Stamford in 1914.
Given the date of his death it is quite likely that Harry was killed at the battle of Aubers Ridge, which began on 9th May 1915. Robert had been killed on 14th March 1915 and his In Memoriam notice was published last year.
Harry was born in Stamford, Robert in Ryhall. They are both commemorated in Barnack and on the memorial at Le Touret near Béthune. Neither man has a known grave.


From October 1916 there had been no deaths of local servicemen for eight months. Then in July 1917 news of further fatalities arrived.

fred CrowsonSergeant Fred Crowson, Private John Welby, Private Ernest Tomblin

Sergeant Fred Crowson 7th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment died of shell wounds at the Battle of Arras on July 7th, 1917 aged 22. He enlisted with his brother Arthur in August, 1914. Before the war he had worked as a gardener on the Fitzwilliam estate at Milton. He was a son of George and Rachel Crowson of Ufford. Shortly before his death he had been offered a commission and would have been made a 2nd Lieutenant. He is buried in the Duisans British Cemetery at Etrun 9kms west of Arras.

Private John Welby 25th Northumberland Fusiliers died on July 22nd, 1917  aged 29 and is buried in the Etaples military cemetery. He died in hospital of contusions and polyneuritis caused by shell explosions. Three weeks before his death he had been buried in earth and stones after a shell exploded. Two others in his party were killed. John was born in Barnack.

Private Ernest Tomblin 6th Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment was killed at the Battle of the Dunes on July 31st, 1917 aged 35. This battle was an attempt to deny the Germans the use of Belgian ports for their submarines. At the same battle another Barnack man, Private George Latchford also of the 6th Northants, was badly wounded in both legs but survived. Ernest Tomblin is buried at Perth Cemetery near Ypres. He was the son of William and Susannah Tomblin of the Fox Inn.


Charles BryanPrivate Charles H. Bryan

Private Charles H. Bryan 6th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment was killed on August 14th, 1917 at Ypres aged 30.
He joined the Suffolk Regiment in 1915 when they were stationed in Barnack but was later transferred to the Yorkshire Regiment.
Before enlisting he worked for Lord Exeter at Burghley Gardens.
He lived at 2, Southorpe Terrace. He left a widow, Florence and three children. She was the sister of Fred Crowson who was killed on July 7th.
Charles Bryan was the son of George and Maria Bryan. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate memorial and along with his brother George, who had been killed at Gallipoli in 1915, on their father’s gravestone in Barnack cemetery.


Hugh Sampson2nd Lt. Hugh Delane Sampson

2nd Lt. Hugh Delane Sampson 207 Company Army Service Corps died of wounds on 2nd September 1917 during the Battle of Passchendaele. He is buried near Poperinge, Flanders. A fellow soldier, G.A.Hughes, wrote in his diary: “ Second  Lieutenant Hugh Delane Sampson aged 42 remembered with honour at Lijssenhoek Military Cemetery”.
The Army Service Corps was charged with providing troops with supplies mainly by means of horse-drawn transport. G.A.Hughes writes of men and horses killed. Five men and fifty five horses from 207 Company were killed between 22nd June and 15th September 1917 according to CWGC records.

Hugh was the husband of Gladys, the daughter of Rev. LaGrange Leney rector of Barnack. Hugh is commemorated in Barnack church and Waternewton  church. He and Cpl. Gladys were married in Barnack and lived at The Little House, Waternewton.

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Cpl. Ernest Berridge

Cpl. Ernest Berridge 10th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment died of wounds in hospital on 23rd September 1917 aged 23. He is buried at the Tincourt  New British Cemetery near Péronne. He had been a gardener and lived with his parents, Charles and Harriet, in Barnack. His older brother John had been killed at the Battle of the Somme on 25th October 1916.

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Sgt. Harold Thomas Cox

Sgt. Harold Thomas Cox 2nd/4th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment died on 26th September 1917 aged 21 at Passchendaele. The Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres) was fought between 31st July and 6th November 1917. Throughout August and September the heaviest rainfall for thirty years turned the battlefield into a quagmire in which many men, horses and mules drowned. British and Allied casualties were 275,000. The German losses were 220,000. More than 130,000 bodies were never identified or recovered. When the British commander Sir Douglas Haig called off the attack, the allies had advanced a mere 5 miles in 105 days. In 1938 David Lloyd George wrote in his memoirs ; ‘’No soldier of any intelligence now defends this senseless campaign’’.

We don’t know how Harold Cox met his end. He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot memorial. His brother Joe had been killed by a sniper in May 1916. Arthur, another brother, would be killed in 1918. Harold lived with his parents in Walcot Park where his father Thomas was the head gardener, but he had moved to Hainton, Lincolnshire sometime after his wife died in 1915. She is buried in Barnack cemetery.


Private Percy Hill, Private Charles Vipan, Corporal Francis Goss - October 1917

Private Percy Hill 10th Battalion Yorkshire Regimentwas killed at Ypres on 4th October 1917 aged 19 during the Battle of Passchendaele. He was the son of Emily Hill and was born and lived in Barnack. He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot memorial which stands between Ypres and Passchendaele. The memorial bears the names of almost 35,000 men whose graves are not known.

Private Charles Vipan 2nd Battalion Royal Berkshire Regiment was killed on 17th October 1917 aged 26 during the Battle of Passchendaele.He is buried at Prowse Point Military Cemetery, Comines-Warneton, Flanders. He was a resident of Barnack, but was born at Ashton near Oundle. In the 1911 census he is listed as a farm trainee living with his parents at the Manor House, Ailsworth. He is also commemorated on the Oundle war memorial. His brother Francis served in the war and survived. His parents, Charles and Mary Vipan, are buried in Stibbington churchyard.

Corporal Francis Goss Cousins Royal Garrison Artillery(181st Heavy Battery) died on 27th October 1917 aged 24 of enteric fever at the Red Cross Hospital, Gaza. He is buried in the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt. He was born in Southorpe in 1893. In 1908 the family moved to Little Casterton then Belmesthorpe and then to Uffington. Francis worked as a coach builder. After enlisting he became a Corporal wheeler in the 181st Heavy Battery which went to Salonika then Egypt and Gaza. A wheeler was responsible for repairing any damage to the wheels and other parts of gun carriages. Francis had a younger brother who survived the war. His parents moved to Barnack after the war and ran the Red Lion Inn. Francis is commemorated in Uffington church but not in Barnack.